Report alleged copyright infringement

It is our policy to respond to notices of alleged infringement that comply with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the text of which can be found at the U.S. Copyright Office Web Site, ) and other applicable intellectual property laws. Our response may include removing or disabling access to material claimed to be the subject of infringing activity and/or terminating subscribers. If we remove or disable access in response to such a notice, we may notify the owner or administrator of the affected site or content so that he or she can make a counter notification. It is also our policy to document all notices of alleged infringement on which we act, including by sending a copy of the notice to one or more third parties or making it available to the public. You can see an example of such a publication at

Infringement Notification

To file a notice of infringement with us, you may use the form provided below.

IMPORTANT: Misrepresentations made in your notice regarding whether material or activity is infringing may expose you to liability for damages (including costs and attorneys' fees). Courts have found that you must consider copyright defenses, limitations or exceptions before sending a notice. In one case involving online content, a company paid more than $100,000 in costs and attorneys fees after targeting content protected by the U.S. fair use doctrine. Accordingly, if you are not sure whether material available online infringes your copyright, we suggest that you first contact an attorney.

* Required Field

Contact Information


In order to permit us to verify that your work actually appears at the URLs targeted by your notice, please provide us with information that identifies in sufficient detail the copyrighted work that you believe has been infringed upon.

Identify and describe the copyrighted work: *
(For example, "The photographs of the black widow spider with red spots and that of the black labrador retriever which can be viewed at the URL below" or "My published book, "Touch Not This Cat", is infringed by the text excerpted on the site, beginning with the text 'I came home to find my cat sitting on the kitchen counter.'")

Where can we see an authorized example of the work?:
(Please provide URL(s) where an example of the copyrighted work can be viewed. This will be used by our team to verify that the work appears on the pages you are asking us to remove.)


I have a good faith belief that use of the copyrighted materials described above as allegedly infringing is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.

Please check to confirm

The information in this notification is accurate and I swear, under penalty of perjury, that I am the copyright owner or am authorized to act on behalf of the owner of an exclusive right that is allegedly infringed.

Please check to confirm

I understand that a copy of each legal notice may be sent to the Lumen project ( ) for publication and annotation. I also understand that Lumen redacts personal contact information from notices before publication, but in many cases, will not redact my name.

Please check to confirm


MM/DD/YYYY (e.g. "12/19/2010")
e.g. John A. Smith

By typing your full name above, you are providing us with your digital signature, which is as legally binding as your physical signature. Please note that your signature must exactly match the first and last names that you entered at the top of this web form in order for your submission to be successful.

Please note that we may ask for additional information if your notice isn't properly filled out or if the complaint is incomplete.